ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 544-556.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00544

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

智慧与幸福感的关系:基于多元幸福取向的视角

傅绪荣, 魏新东, 王予灵, 汪凤炎()   

  1. 南京师范大学道德教育研究所, 南京师范大学心理学院, 南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-01 出版日期:2019-03-15 发布日期:2019-01-22
  • 通讯作者: 汪凤炎 E-mail:fywangjx8069@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地2016年度重大项目(16JJD880026)

The relationship between wisdom and well-being: A perspective based on multiple orientations to well-being

FU Xurong, WEI Xindong, WANG Yuling, WANG Fengyan()   

  1. Institute of Moral Education Research, Nanjing Normal University; School of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University; Nanjing 210097, China
  • Received:2018-06-01 Online:2019-03-15 Published:2019-01-22
  • Contact: Fengyan WANG E-mail:fywangjx8069@163.com

摘要:

智慧与幸福是人类的普遍追求。智慧与自我实现幸福感(eudaimonia well-being)正相关得到研究者的普遍认同。智慧与享乐主义幸福感(hedonia well-being)是何种关系, 仍在争论中。从智慧发展的角度, 学者提出了积极人格发展观和发展历程观, 对智慧与幸福感的关系进行更深入的理论探讨。结合中国文化及智慧和幸福感的研究进展, 提出发展水平观:随着智慧发展水平不断提高, 个体幸福感的来源、持续时间以及对身心健康的影响存在差异。未来宜重点解决两个问题:(1)选择和编制适宜的智慧和幸福感测量工具; (2)澄清智慧与幸福感的因果关系。

关键词: 智慧, 幸福感, 积极人格发展观, 发展历程观, 发展水平观

Abstract:

Wisdom and well-being are universal human pursuits. The positive correlation between wisdom and eudaimonic well-being is generally recognized by researchers. However, the relationship between wisdom and hedonic well-being is still debated. Researchers have proposed the model of positive personality development and the developmental process model from the perspective of wisdom development to further explore the relationship between wisdom and well-being. Based on Chinese culture and research on wisdom and well-being, the present article proposes the developmental level model: With the growth of wisdom, the well-being of individuals varies in terms of sources, durations, and influences on physical and mental health. In the future, we should focus on solving two problems: 1) choosing and developing an appropriate tool for measuring wisdom and well-being, and 2) clarifying the causal relationship between wisdom and well-being.

Key words: wisdom, well-being, positive personality development, developmental process model, developmental level model

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