ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (11): 2081-2090.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.02081

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    

文化如何影响道德?文化间变异、文化内变异与多元文化的视角

胡晓檬1, 喻丰2, 彭凯平1()   

  1. 1 清华大学社会科学学院心理学系, 北京 100084
    2 西安交通大学人文社会科学学院, 西安 710049
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-17 出版日期:2018-11-15 发布日期:2018-09-26
  • 通讯作者: 彭凯平 E-mail:pengkp@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金面上项目(31471001)

How does culture affect morality? The perspectives of between-culture variations, within-culture variations, and multiculturalism

HU Xiaomeng1, YU Feng2, PENG Kaiping1()   

  1. 1 Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    2 School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China;
  • Received:2017-10-17 Online:2018-11-15 Published:2018-09-26
  • Contact: Kaiping PENG E-mail:pengkp@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

摘要:

道德判断与行为具有高度的文化敏感性, 来自不同文化背景、具有不同文化经历的个体, 对于同一道德现象的理解与建构存在显著差异。随着20世纪80年代文化心理学的复兴繁荣和全球化进程的不断深化, 文化视角的道德心理学在当代社会心理学语境中备受关注, 并已开展了初步的理论探索, 积累了大量的实证证据。基于文化心理学的视角, 本文将分别从文化间变异、文化内变异和多元文化三个方面梳理和评述不同文化因素(比如地域、生态、社会阶层等)如何影响个体的道德判断与行为, 期望推动未来研究进一步探索快速而剧烈的文化变迁背景下中国人的道德心理和价值体系已经发生了或正在发生着怎样的演变过程。

关键词: 道德判断与行为, 文化变异, 多元文化经历

Abstract:

Moral judgments and behaviors are highly sensitive to culture. The understanding and construction of the exact same moral issues can vary substantially across individuals who come from different cultural backgrounds or possess different levels of multicultural experiences. Social psychologists are increasingly interested in closely looking at human morality through the lens of culture, partly driven by a renaissance of cultural psychology in the 1980s and the broadening and deepening of globalization. Based upon the perspective of cultural psychology, we briefly summarize how particular cultural factors (e.g. geography, ecology, social class) influence individuals’ moral judgments and behaviors from three facets: between-culture variations, within-culture variations, and multiculturalism. Together, it is our hope that this review article will inspire future research to better understand how Chinese people’s moral patterns and value systems have changed and are changing in the context of rapid and deep cultural change in China.

Key words: moral judgments and behaviors, cultural variations, multicultural experiences

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