ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (10): 1749-1763.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01749

• 元分析 • 上一篇    下一篇

感恩的个体主观幸福感更强?—— 一项元分析

丁凤琴(), 赵虎英   

  1. 宁夏大学教育学院, 银川 750021
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-30 出版日期:2018-10-15 发布日期:2018-08-27
  • 通讯作者: 丁凤琴 E-mail:dingfqin@nxu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金项目(31560285);宁夏区级研究生教育创新计划示范课程建设(YKC201706)

Is the individual subjective well-being of gratitude stronger?A meta-analysis

DING Fengqin(), ZHAO Huying   

  1. School of Education, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
  • Received:2018-03-30 Online:2018-10-15 Published:2018-08-27
  • Contact: Fengqin DING E-mail:dingfqin@nxu.edu.cn

摘要:

本研究采用元分析技术探讨感恩与主观幸福感之间的关系。通过文献搜索共获得了62项研究167个独立效应量(n = 31975)。异质性检验发现, 选择随机效应模型比较合适; 敏感性分析显示, 逐步删除异质性较高研究, 感恩与主观幸福感、生活满意度、积极情感均呈显著正相关, 与消极情感呈显著负相关; 亚组检验和元回归分析表明, 感恩与主观幸福感关系受感恩测量工具、被试群体、文化背景的调节与影响。以上结果说明, 感恩的个体主观幸福感更强, 同时还要考虑感恩测量工具、被试群体和文化背景在二者关系中的作用。

关键词: 感恩, 主观幸福感, 元分析, 调节效应

Abstract:

This meta-analysis was designed to explore the relationship between gratitude and subjective well-being. Through literature retrieval, 62 cases and 167 independent effect sizes together with 31975 participants which met the inclusion criteria of meta-analysis were selected. Heterogeneity test indicated that random effects model was appropriate for the meta-analysis. TheSensitivity analysis showed that there existed a significant positive correlation between gratitude with subjective well-being, satisfaction with life, positive affect, yet there existed a negative correlation between gratitude and negative affect after progressively deleting the higher heterogeneity studies. The Subgroups analysis and Meta-regression analysis revealed that the relationship between gratitude and subjective well-being was moderated and influenced by gratitude measurement tools, type of participants, and culture background. The above results indicated that grateful individuals have stronger subjective well-being, meanwhile, the function of the gratitude measurement tool, the subjects and the cultural background is also taken into consideration.

Key words: gratitude, subjective well-being, meta-analysis, moderate effect