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心理科学进展  2018, Vol. 26 Issue (8): 1383-1390    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01383
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空间存在:虚拟环境中何以产生身临其境之感?
王素娟1,张雅明2()
1河北大学教育学院心理学系
2河北大学新闻传播学院, 保定 071000
Spatial presence: How to induce an immersive feeling in a virtual environment?
Sujuan WANG1,Yaming ZHANG2()
1 Department of Psychology
2 School of Journalism and Communication, Hebei University, Baoding 071000, China
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摘要 

空间存在是个体全神贯注地沉浸在虚拟环境中时产生的身临其境的主观体验/感觉, 包括自我定位与知觉到在虚拟媒介环境中的可能行为两个维度。与我们在真实环境中的体验相似又不同, 属于具身认知的范畴。当前对空间存在问题的研究可分为理论建构与实证检验研究两类。前者主要是采用演绎推理方式, 探究空间存在的产生过程、决定因素与影响因素; 后者主要采用实验研究, 对空间存在进行测量,通过实证研究考察各种影响因素的作用, 并检验在不同虚拟环境中的效果。未来需整合两类研究, 把理论模型应用于媒介心理学基础性与应用性问题上, 以促使这一领域研究不断深入。此外, 空间存在的神经机制、实际应用的价值与效果也需要做进一步的深入探索。

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关键词 空间存在过程模型理论空间情境模型基本的自我中心参考框架    
Abstract

Spatial presence is an experience/feeling of “being there” when an individual is immersing into a virtual environment with absorption,which includes two dimensions: self-location and possible action perceived possible behaviors in the virtual mediated environment. Belonging to the field of embodied cognition, Spatial presence is similar to, but different from the experiences in the immediate physical world The existing literature on spatial presence can be divided into two parts: theoretical construction and empirical researches. The former applies deductive approach to explore the process of formation, determining factors and influential factors of it; the latter mainly adopts the experimental research to measure the spatial presence, to investigate the concrete effects of various influential factors, as well as the effects in different virtual environments. In the future researches, the two kinds should be integrated, and theoretical models can be applied to the basic and practical problems of media psychology, so as to promote the researches in the field. In addition, the neural mechanism of the spatial presence, the value and effects of the actual application of spatial presence also need to be further explored.

Key wordsspatial presence    process model of the formation    spatial situation model    primary egocentric reference frame
收稿日期: 2017-09-21      出版日期: 2018-07-02
ZTFLH:  B842  
基金资助:国家社会科学基金项目“新媒体对青年学生心理健康发展的影响研究”(BBA160045)
通讯作者: 张雅明     E-mail: zhang1969ming@163.com
引用本文:   
王素娟,张雅明. (2018). 空间存在:虚拟环境中何以产生身临其境之感?. 心理科学进展, 26(8), 1383-1390.
Sujuan WANG,Yaming ZHANG. (2018). Spatial presence: How to induce an immersive feeling in a virtual environment?. Advances in Psychological Science, 26(8), 1383-1390.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01383      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2018/V26/I8/1383
  空间存在两水平模型示意图
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[1] 周荣刚,张侃. 空间知识记忆和提取的理论模型[J]. 心理科学进展, 2004, 12(03): 330-339.
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