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心理科学进展  2018, Vol. 26 Issue (7): 1264-1271    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01264
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刻板印象提升与刻板印象促进
王祯,杨丽娴()
福建师范大学心理学院, 福州 350100
Stereotype lift and stereotype boost
Zhen WANG,Lixian YANG()
School of Psychology, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350100, China
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摘要 

刻板印象提升指个体意识到外群体具有消极刻板印象, 而产生与受诋毁的外群体向下的社会比较, 以提高个体自我效能感和动机, 进而提高表现; 刻板印象促进是积极刻板印象被激活后的积极结果, 指当个体处在他们的积极刻板印象身份被激活的情境中, 表现上升的一种现象。在刻板印象提升与刻板印象促进概念论述的基础上, 重点探讨了调节变量和结果影响这两种联系, 并从相关概念、被试要求和心理机制这三方面论述了这两者的区别。最后, 指出未来研究应加强对二者的关注, 消除其在概念上的混淆, 开展相关心理与神经机制的研究, 以及结合刻板印象阻抗进行探讨。

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王祯
杨丽娴
关键词 刻板印象提升消极刻板印象刻板印象促进积极刻板印象    
Abstract

Stereotype lift means that the individuals who are aware of negative stereotype of outgroups can elevate self-efficacy and motivation after comparison with the denigrated outgroups, resulting in improving performance. While stereotype boost is the positive result of activation of positive stereotype, which refers to performance improvement of individuals in situations when their positive stereotype identities are activated. This paper is mainly focused on the relationships between moderators and results based on stereotype lift and stereotype boost. Meanwhile, their distinctions are discussed in terms of related concepts, the requirements of participants and psychological mechanisms. Finally, our paper points out that the further research in the future would pay more attention to these two concepts, and be attempt to eliminate the confusion of them. Also their psychological mechanisms and neural mechanisms would be further studied as well as combination with stereotype reactance to explore.

Key wordsstereotype lift    negative stereotype    stereotype boost    positive stereotype
收稿日期: 2017-08-14      出版日期: 2018-05-29
ZTFLH:  B849: C91  
基金资助:全国教育科学“十二五”规划教育部青年课题(EBA130365)
通讯作者: 杨丽娴     E-mail: ylixian@126.com
引用本文:   
王祯,杨丽娴. 刻板印象提升与刻板印象促进[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(7): 1264-1271.
Zhen WANG,Lixian YANG. Stereotype lift and stereotype boost. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(7): 1264-1271.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01264      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2018/V26/I7/1264
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