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心理科学进展  2018, Vol. 26 Issue (7): 1213-1222    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01213
     研究前沿 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
光照的警觉性作用
毛天欣1,熊晓1,李静华1,姚颖1,杨健1,李笑然3,周国富2,3()
1 南师范大学心理学院, 广州 510631
2 南师范大学华南先进光电子研究院 广东省光信息材料与技术重点实验室&彩色动态电子纸显示技术研究所, 广州 510006;
3 圳市国华光电科技有限公司, 深圳 518110
Effects of light on alertness
Tianxin MAO1,Xiao XIONG1,Jinghua LI1,Ying YAO1,Jian YANG1,Xiaoran LI3,Guofu ZHOU2,3()
1 School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
2 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Information Materials and Technology & Institute of Electronic Paper Displays, South China Academy of Advanced Optoelectronics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China;
3 Shenzhen Guohua Optoelectronics Tech. Co. Ltd., Shenzhen 518110, China
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摘要 

光照除了传统的视觉作用外, 还具有一定的非视觉效应, 包括调节昼夜节律、褪黑素分泌和警觉性等生理功能和行为表现。随着光照对生理节律影响研究的不断深入, 近来很多学者开始关注光照的警觉性作用。我们根据最新研究进展总结了:(1)警觉性的测量工具; (2)光照强度、时长、时间点、波长、色温等对光照警觉性作用的影响; (3)光照在治疗情绪障碍、调节生理节律、完善办公照明方面的应用; (4)提出了继续探讨光照警觉性作用的神经机制、优化参数特征和探讨混淆变量的研究方向。

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毛天欣
熊晓
李静华
姚颖
杨健
李笑然
周国富
关键词 光照警觉性褪黑素自主感光神经节细胞生理节律    
Abstract

Besides affecting vision, light exerts powerful non-visual effects on a wide range of biological functions and behaviors, such as modulating circadian rhythm, melatonin suppression, and acute alertness. Comprehensive studies on the effect of light on human circadian rhythm now lead more researchers to pay attention to the effects of light on acute alertness. Here, we summarized (1) different measures of alertness, (2) factors that may influence the effect of light on alertness like illuminance, exposure, timing, wavelength and color temperature, (3) promising applications of the alerting effect of light in some affective disorders, circadian rhythm, and office lighting, and (4) future directions focusing on investigation of neural mechanisms, optimal lighting characteristics, and potential confounds.

Key wordslight    alertness    melatonin    intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells    circadian rhythm
收稿日期: 2017-06-19      出版日期: 2018-05-29
ZTFLH:  B845  
基金资助:获国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFB0404202);国家自然科学基金项目(U1501244);国家自然科学基金项目(51561135014);广东省创新科研团队(2013C102);教育部“长江学者和创新团队发展计划”项目滚动支持(IRT_17R40);广东省重大科技专项项目(2015B090913004);华南师范大学研究生创新计划项目资助(2017WKXM007);广东省光信息材料与技术重点实验室(2017B030301007);广州市类纸显示材料与器件重点实验室(201705030007);教育部光信息国际合作联合实验室;国家高等学校学科创新引智计划111引智基地项目
通讯作者: 周国富     E-mail: guofu.zhou@m.scnu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
毛天欣,熊晓,李静华,姚颖,杨健,李笑然,周国富. 光照的警觉性作用[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(7): 1213-1222.
Tianxin MAO,Xiao XIONG,Jinghua LI,Ying YAO,Jian YANG,Xiaoran LI,Guofu ZHOU. Effects of light on alertness. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(7): 1213-1222.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01213      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2018/V26/I7/1213
  光照激活大脑非视觉区域的路径图(资料来源:Cajochen, 2007)
  光照警觉性的双通道模型(资料来源:Rautkylä et al, 2012)
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[1] 陈庆伟, 汝涛涛, 周菊燕, 李静华, 熊晓, 李笑然, 周国富. 光照对社会心理和行为的影响[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(6): 1083-1095.
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