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心理科学进展  2018, Vol. 26 Issue (7): 1193-1203    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01193
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早期应激对情绪调节的影响及其神经机制
张慧会,张亮()
中国科学院大学心理学系, 北京 100049
The effects of early life stress on emotion regulation and the underlying mechanisms
Huihui ZHANG,Liang ZHANG()
Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10049, China
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摘要 

在个体生命早期遭遇的长期或重大的应激经历会显著增加个体罹患抑郁、焦虑等心理疾患的风险, 而情绪调节能力的损伤是引发这些心理疾患的重要因素之一。以人类为对象的行为实验和调查研究表明, 早期应激不仅会影响日常生活中情绪调节策略的使用, 还会对情绪调节能力造成影响, 其影响方向可能与早期应激的严重程度有关。目前, 大部分研究表明严重的早期应激会损伤情绪调节能力, 但中度的早期应激也可能提高情绪调节能力。更为整合性的研究表明情绪调节能力中介了早期应激和各类疾患之间的关系。进一步, 我们从神经层面上阐述了早期应激对情绪调节相关脑区和神经环路的影响。未来研究应当注意控制无关变量, 进一步探究不同早期应激对于情绪调节的影响。

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张慧会
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关键词 早期应激情绪调节认知重评前额叶杏仁核    
Abstract

Individuals experiencing early life stress (ELS) are at a higher risk of mental/behavioral disorders such as depression and violence, the difficulties of emotion regulation might be one of the underlying mechanisms. ELS individuals use maladaptive strategies (such as avoidance and rumination) more frequently than normal individuals. And most of the studies found that ELS impaired the ability of emotion regulation. However, moderate ELS may enhance the ability of emotion regulation. Besides, emotion regulation moderated the relationship between ELS and mental/behavior disorders. Furthermore, we explored the neural mechanisms of how ELS influences emotion regulation. Finally, we made a summary and pointed out future directions.

Key wordsearly life stress    emotion regulation    reappraisal    prefrontal cortex    amygdala
收稿日期: 2016-09-12      出版日期: 2018-05-29
ZTFLH:  B845  
基金资助:国家自然科学基金通用技术基础研究联合基金重点支持项目《基于脑机接口的情绪识别与交互技术》(U1736220);国家自然科学基金项目(U1736220);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA06030800);国家重点研究计划(2016YFB1001201)
通讯作者: 张亮     E-mail: zhangl@psych.ac.cn
引用本文:   
张慧会,张亮. 早期应激对情绪调节的影响及其神经机制[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(7): 1193-1203.
Huihui ZHANG,Liang ZHANG. The effects of early life stress on emotion regulation and the underlying mechanisms. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(7): 1193-1203.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01193      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2018/V26/I7/1193
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