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心理科学进展  2018, Vol. 26 Issue (6): 1054-1062    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01054
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日常性学业弹性:日常学业压力下的积极适应机制
赵凤青1,俞国良2()
1 中国人民大学心理学系
2 中国人民大学心理研究所, 北京 100872
Everyday academic resilience: Active adaption to everyday academic pressures
Fengqing ZHAO1,Guoliang YU2()
1 Department of Psychology
2 Institute of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
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摘要 

日常性学业弹性是指学生积极适应并成功应对日常学习中典型学业挫折、挑战和困难的能力, 其“弹性”体现为学生的学习投入、适应性应对方式和学习坚持性三个方面的动态作用过程。测量方式主要包括Martin等人从能力角度的测量和Skinner等人从过程角度的测量。对日常性学业弹性具有重要催化作用的因素主要包含积极的学习动机, 适应性的情绪和人格特征, 以及良好的师生和同伴关系。日常性学业弹性对学生的学业表现和心理健康具有重要影响。未来研究应进一步探讨日常性学业弹性的概念内涵、作用机制和神经生理基础, 关注其促进因素和抑制因素的共同作用, 并采取针对性的干预与提升措施。

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赵凤青
俞国良
关键词 日常性学业弹性学业浮力动机弹性和易感性的作用模型    
Abstract

Everyday academic resilience refers to students' ability to successfully deal with academic setbacks and challenges that are typical of the ordinary course of school life. The “resilience” lies in the dynamic interaction of academic engagement, coping and re-engagement. The measures include Martin’s Academic Buoyancy Scale and Skinner’s Motivational Resilience and Vulnerability scale. The important influence factors of everyday academic resilience include positive academic motivation, adaptive emotional and personality factors, as well as good teacher-student and student-student relationships. Everyday academic resilience is significantly predictive of students’ academic performance and mental health. Future studies should further explore the concept, mechanism, and neurobiological basis of everyday academic resilience, explore the combined effects of promoting factors and inhibition factors, and adopt targeted intervention and promotion strategies.

Key wordseveryday academic resilience    academic buoyancy    motivational resilience and vulnerability framework
收稿日期: 2017-09-07      出版日期: 2018-04-28
ZTFLH:  B849: G44  
基金资助:* 国家自然科学基金项目(81571337);中国人民大学科学研究基金(中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金)资助项目
通讯作者: 俞国良     E-mail: yugllxl@sina.com
引用本文:   
赵凤青, 俞国良. 日常性学业弹性:日常学业压力下的积极适应机制[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(6): 1054-1062.
Fengqing ZHAO, Guoliang YU. Everyday academic resilience: Active adaption to everyday academic pressures. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(6): 1054-1062.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01054      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2018/V26/I6/1054
  动机弹性和易感性的作用模型 资料来源:Skinner等(2016)
  日常性学业弹性的整合模型
  学业浮力与心理风险的相互关系图 资料来源:Martin等(2013).
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