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心理科学进展  2018, Vol. 26 Issue (6): 1004-1011    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01004
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喜欢悲伤音乐的心理机制
王丁,王超,李红()
深圳大学心理与社会学院, 深圳 518060
The psychological mechanism of enjoying sad music
Ding WANG,Chao WANG,Hong LI()
College of Psychology and Sociology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
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摘要 

悲伤音乐在唤起悲伤情绪的同时也可以唤起愉悦感或带来继发的心理获益。基于此, 研究者们提出了悲伤音乐唤起愉悦感的“解离理论”和“中和理论”, 以阐述人们喜欢悲伤音乐的心理机制。然而现有理论仍不足以提供充分合理的解释, 因此从神经生物学角度探索悲伤音乐唤起愉悦感的神经机制从而揭示现有心理学理论的神经基础是未来研究的方向。

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王丁
王超
李红
关键词 悲伤音乐情绪继发获益解离理论中和理论    
Abstract

Previous studies have shown that sad music could evoke the aesthetic pleasure or other psychological benefits while inducing sadness. Based on these existing evidence, two major psychological theories have been proposed: one is the " dissociation theory ", the other is the" neutralization theory ". Both theories have been used to elaborate how sad music becomes pleasurable. However, neither can provide a comprehensive and reasonable explanation. Therefore, further exploration of the specific reward processing of sad music is of great significance. Future research need to clarify the neural basis of the existing psychological theories from the neurobiological perspectives.

Key wordssad music    emotion    secondary gain    dissociation theory    neutralization theory
收稿日期: 2017-05-23      出版日期: 2018-04-28
ZTFLH:  B842  
基金资助:* 国家自然科学基金项目(31671150);广东省普通高校创新团队建设项目(2015KCXTD009);广东省(基础研究及应用研究)重大项目(2016KZDXM009);深圳市2015年基础研究布局项目(34255/00001)
通讯作者: 李红     E-mail: lihongszu@szu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
王丁, 王超, 李红. 喜欢悲伤音乐的心理机制[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(6): 1004-1011.
Ding WANG, Chao WANG, Hong LI. The psychological mechanism of enjoying sad music. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(6): 1004-1011.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01004      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2018/V26/I6/1004
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