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心理科学进展  2018, Vol. 26 Issue (6): 966-974    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00966
     研究前沿 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
冲突解决过程中认知控制的注意调节机制
李政汉1,2,杨国春1,2,南威治3,李琦1,2,刘勋1,2()
1 中国科学院行为科学重点实验室, 北京 100101
2 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
3 广州大学教育学院心理系脑与认知科学中心, 广州 510006
Attentional regulation mechanisms of cognitive control in conflict resolution
LI Zhenghan1,2,YANG Guochun1,2,NAN Weizhi3,LI Qi1,2,LIU Xun1,2()
1 CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Beijing 100101, China
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3 Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience Research Center, School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
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摘要 

认知控制在冲突解决过程中起到重要的调节作用。相关理论大多结合任务相关刺激的加工增强和任务无关刺激的加工抑制进行解释, 但近年来受到实证研究的挑战。综述了冲突解决中增强和抑制两种调节机制的争论和相应的实证证据, 同时指出认知控制的调节机制可能受到冲突情境和个体自身等因素的影响。未来的研究应更多关注认知控制调节机制的影响因素, 加强认知加工策略和认知训练的探究, 为认知功能受损群体的干预提供依据。

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李政汉
杨国春
南威治
李琦
刘勋
关键词 认知控制冲突解决注意增强抑制    
Abstract

Cognitive control is essential in conflict processing. Most related theories elucidated the mechanism via integrating both the enhancement of task-relevant stimuli and inhibition of task-irrelevant stimuli, which has been challenged by recent studies. We reviewed the major debates on whether enhancement or inhibition might be the mechanism and their empirical evidences, and then argued that conflict resolution mechanisms might not be constant, but depend on conflict situation and individual state. Future studies could pay more attention to reveal the influence factors of cognitive control, exploring cognitive processing strategies and doing cognitive training, which may benefit the intervention treatment of the cognitive function disorders.

Key wordscognitive control    conflict resolution    attention    enhancement    inhibition
收稿日期: 2017-07-21      出版日期: 2018-04-28
ZTFLH:  B842  
基金资助:* 国家重点研发项目计划(2016YFC0800901-Z03);中德国际地区合作与交流项目(NSFC 61621136008 /DFG TRR-169)
通讯作者: 刘勋     E-mail: liux@psych.ac.cn
引用本文:   
李政汉, 杨国春, 南威治, 李琦, 刘勋. (2018). 冲突解决过程中认知控制的注意调节机制. 心理科学进展, 26(6), 966-974.
LI Zhenghan, YANG Guochun, NAN Weizhi, LI Qi, LIU Xun. (2018). Attentional regulation mechanisms of cognitive control in conflict resolution. Advances in Psychological Science, 26(6), 966-974.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00966      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2018/V26/I6/966
  色-词加工的神经网络模型(改自: Herd et al., 2006) 注:g:绿色; r:红色; o:其他颜色; G:字词“绿”; R:字词“红”; O:其他字词; gr:对“绿”反应; rd:对“红”反应; ot:对其他内容反应; cn:颜色命名任务; wr:词汇阅读任务; c:颜色任务单元。
  HT选择性注意模型(改自: Houghton & Tipper, 1996)
  学习模型 (改自: Verguts & Notebaert, 2008)注:T1:第一个任务; T2:第二个任务; T1r:第一个任务中的任务相关刺激特征; T1i:第一个任务中的任务无关刺激特征; T2r:第二个任务中的任务相关刺激特征; T2i:第二个任务中的任务无关刺激特征; R1-R4:不同的应答单元; ACC:前扣带皮层
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