Abstract： Counterproductive work behavior refers to the intentional damage by employees in the workplace which may impair the legitimate rights and interests of stakeholders as well as the organization. Based on 100 papers from the top 13 international journals in the field of management and psychology, we systematically make a particular review of counterproductive work behavior in terms of research perspective, research content and research design. This review indicates that the research perspective consists of four theories, which are trait-based approach, social exchange theory, social cognitive theory and frustration-aggression model. It has showed a multiple perspective and interdisciplinary trend. Based on a personality trait-based model of job performance, we build an interactive integration model of person and context to discuss dependent variables, moderators and mediators of counterproductive work behavior. The majority researches are quantitative, and the research scales show high consistency. We also find the research design is normative and researchers have paid much attention to multiple methods and measures. Finally, we carry through pertinence evaluation and provide useful expectation for future research.