Please wait a minute...
心理科学进展  2018, Vol. 26 Issue (8): 1501-1510    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.001501
     研究前沿 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
工作重塑干预:对员工工作自主性的培养
徐长江(),陈实
浙江师范大学心理学系, 金华 321004
The interventions of job crafting: A cultivation of employees’ work initiative
Changjiang XU(),Shi CHEN
Department of psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
全文: PDF(461 KB)   HTML
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)       背景资料
文章导读  
摘要 

工作重塑理论强调员工自发主动、自下而上地对自己的工作进行重新塑造, 而如何对员工的工作重塑进行干预成为了当前学术界的热点。目前的干预研究中, 干预内容主要包括激发员工的重塑动机、帮助员工形成良好的重塑认知与培养员工的重塑行为三个方面。它们彼此紧密联系, 研究者可以选择对某一方面进行干预或对全部的三个方面进行干预。工作重塑的干预一般可以采用理论学习、计划制定与独立工作、反馈讨论这一操作流程来加以实施。未来的研究需要继续探讨工作重塑的概念、结构与相应测量工具, 为干预研究提供支撑, 同时丰富干预研究的种类, 完善干预研究的技术, 并尝试运用现代科技资源, 推动干预研究的现代化。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
徐长江
陈实
关键词 工作设计工作重塑干预    
Abstract

The job crafting theory emphasizes that employees’ spontaneity and initiative to reshape their work from the bottom up. Within the realm of organization behavior, how to intervene the job crafting of employees has garnered the most attention in recent years. In the current intervention research, the intervention mainly includes three aspects: motivating employees’ crafting motivation, helping employees to form a good crafting awareness and cultivating employees' crafting behavior. These three aspects are closely connected, and researchers can choose to intervene in one area or in all three areas. Job crafting intervention can be implemented through theory learning, plan making and executing, feedback and discussion. Future research needs to continue to explore the concept, structure and measurement tools of job crafting, provide support for intervention research, enrich the types of intervention research, improve intervention research techniques, and try to use modern science and technology resources to promote the modernization of intervention research.

Key wordsjob design    job crafting    intervention
收稿日期: 2017-03-08      出版日期: 2018-07-02
ZTFLH:  B849:C93  
通讯作者: 徐长江     E-mail: xucj@zjnu.cn
引用本文:   
徐长江,陈实. (2018). 工作重塑干预:对员工工作自主性的培养. 心理科学进展, 26(8), 1501-1510.
Changjiang XU,Shi CHEN. (2018). The interventions of job crafting: A cultivation of employees’ work initiative. Advances in Psychological Science, 26(8), 1501-1510.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.001501      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2018/V26/I8/1501
  工作重塑的调节定向观
  工作重塑干预的操作流程
(修改自:van Wingerden et al., 2017a)
1 姚琦, 乐国安 . ( 2009). 动机理论的新发展: 调节定向理论. 心理科学进展, 17( 6), 1264-1273.
2 尹奎, 孙健敏, 徐贯英 . ( 2016). 工作重塑对工作投入的影响: 基于优势比较分析方法. 商业经济与管理, ( 8), 24-33.
3 张春雨, 韦嘉, 陈谢平, 张进辅 . ( 2012). 工作设计的新视角: 员工的工作重塑. 心理科学进展, 20( 8), 1305-1313.
4 赵小云, 郭成 . ( 2014). 工作重塑: 获得意义性工作及个人成长的新途径. 心理科学, 37( 1), 190-196.
5 Bakker A. B., Tims M., & Derks D . ( 2012). Proactive personality and job performance: The role of job crafting and work engagement. Human Relations, 65( 10), 1359-1378.
6 Bandura, A . ( 1989). Human agency in social cognitive theory. The American Psychologist, 44( 9), 1175-1184.
7 Bandura, A . ( 1991). Social cognitive theory of self- regulation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50( 2), 248-287.
8 Bell, C., & Njoli, N . ( 2016). The role of big five factors on predicting job crafting propensities amongst administrative employees in a South African tertiary institution. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 14( 1), a702.
9 Berg J. M., Dutton J. E., Wrzesniewski A., & Baker W. E. ( 2008. Job crafting exercise. University of Michigan: Center for Positive Organizational Scholarship. Retrieved July 3, 2017, from
10 Berg J. M., Dutton J. E., & Wrzesniewski A . ( 2013). Job crafting and meaningful work. In B. J. Dik, Z. S. Byrne, & M. F. Steger (Eds.), Purpose and meaning in the workplace ( pp. 81-104). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
11 Bipp, T., & Demerouti, E . ( 2015). Which employees craft their jobs and how? Basic dimensions of personality and employees' job crafting behaviour. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88( 4), 631-655.
12 Bruning, P. F., & Campion, M. A . ( 2017). A role-resource approach-avoidance model of job crafting: A multi-method integration and extension of job crafting theory. Academy of Management Journal. doi: 10.5465/amj.2015.0604
doi: 10.5465/amj.2015.0604
13 Demerouti, E . ( 2014). Design your own job through job crafting. European Psychologist, 19( 4), 237-247.
14 Fruwert, R. M . ( 2014). How can researchers cope with the academic competition? -Testing a job crafting intervention (Unpublished doctorial dissertation). University of Amsterdam.
15 Ghitulescu, B. E . ( 2007). Shaping tasks and relationships at work: Examining the antecedents and consequences of employee job crafting (Unpublished doctorial dissertation). University of Pittsburgh.
16 Higgins, E. T . ( 1997). Beyond pleasure and pain. American Psychologist, 52, 1280-1300.
17 Kehr F., Bauer G. F., Jenny G. J., & Güntert S. T . ( 2014). Enhancing health and productivity at work: Towards an evaluation model for job crafting information systems. Proceedings of the 22nd European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Tel Aviv, Israel.
18 Kehr F., Bauer G. F., Jenny G. J., Güntert S. T., & Kowatsch T . ( 2013). Towards a design model for job crafting information systems promoting individual health, productivity and organizational performance. Proceedings of the Pre-ICIS 2013, SIG-Organizational Systems Research Association (OSRA) Workshop, Milan, Italy.
19 Le Blanc P. M., Demerouti E., & Bakker A. B . ( 2017). How can I shape my job to suit me better? Job crafting for sustainable employees and organizations. In N. Chmiel, F. Fraccaroli, & M. Sverke (Eds.), An introduction to work and organizational psychology: An international perspective( 3rd ed., pp. 48-63). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
20 Lichtenthaler, P. W., & Fischbach, A . ( 2016 a). Promotion- and prevention-focused job crafting: A theoretical extension and meta-analytical test of the job demands- resources job crafting model. Paper presented at the 76th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Anaheim, CA.
21 Lichtenthaler, P. W., & Fischbach, A . ( 2016 b). The conceptualization and measurement of job crafting: Validation of a German version of the job crafting scale. Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie, 60( 4), 173-186.
22 Lu C. Q., Wang H. J., Lu J. J., Du D. Y., & Bakker A. B . ( 2014). Does work engagement increase person-job fit? The role of job crafting and job insecurity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 84( 2), 142-152.
23 Lyons, P . ( 2008). The crafting of jobs and individual differences. Journal of Business and Psychology, 23( 1-2), 25-36.
24 Niessen C., Weseler D., & Kostova P . ( 2016). When and why do individuals craft their jobs? The role of individual motivation and work characteristics for job crafting. Human Relations, 69( 6), 1287-1313.
25 Noar S. M., Benac C. N., & Harris M. S . ( 2007). Does tailoring matter? Meta-analytic review of tailored print health behavior change interventions. Psychological Bulletin, 133( 4), 673-693.
26 Parker S. K., Bindl U. K., & Strauss K . ( 2010). Making things happen: A model of proactive motivation. Journal of Management, 36( 4), 827-856.
27 Petrou, P., & Demerouti, E . ( 2015). Trait-level and week-level regulatory focus as a motivation to craft a job. Career Development International, 20( 2), 102-118.
28 Petrou P., Demerouti E., & Schaufeli W. B . ( 2016). Crafting the change: The role of employee job crafting behaviors for successful organizational change. Journal of Management. doi: 10.1177/0149206315624961
doi: 10.1177/0149206315624961
29 Posner, G. J . ( 1989). Field experience: Methods of reflective teaching. White Plains, NY: Longman, Inc.
30 Sakuraya A., Shimazu A., Imamura K., Namba K., & Kawakami N . ( 2016). Effects of a job crafting intervention program on work engagement among Japanese employees: A pretest-posttest study. BMC Psychology, 4( 1), 49.
31 Slemp G. R., Kern M. L., & Vella-Brodrick D. A . ( 2015). Workplace well-being: The role of job crafting and autonomy support. Psychology of Well-Being, 5, 7.
32 Tims, M., & Bakker, A. B . ( 2010). Job crafting: Towards a new model of individual job redesign. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36( 2), 1-9.
33 Tims M., Bakker A. B., & Derks D . ( 2012). Development and validation of the job crafting scale. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80( 1), 173-186.
34 Tims M., Bakker A. B., Derks D., & van Rhenen W . ( 2013). Job crafting at the team and individual level: Implications for work engagement and performance. Group & Organization Management, 38( 4), 427-454.
35 Tims M., Derks D., & Bakker A. B . ( 2016). Job crafting and its relationships with person-job fit and meaningfulness: A three-wave study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 92, 44-53.
36 Vandelanotte C., de Bourdeaudhuij I., & Brug J . ( 2007). Two-year follow-up of sequential and simultaneous interactive computer-tailored interventions for increasing physical activity and decreasing fat intake. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 33( 2), 213-219.
37 van den Heuvel M., Demerouti E., & Peeters, M. C. W . ( 2015). The job crafting intervention: Effects on job resources, self-efficacy, and affective well-being. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88( 3), 511-532.
38 van de Riet, J. J . ( 2015). Leadership and job crafting: Relationships with employability and creativity (Unpublished doctorial dissertation). Eindhoven University of Technology.
39 van Wingerden J., Bakker A. B., & Derks D . ( 2016). A test of a job demands-resources intervention. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31( 3), 686-701.
40 van Wingerden J., Bakker A. B., & Derks D . ( 2017 a). Fostering employee well-being via a job crafting intervention. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 100, 164-174.
41 van Wingerden J., Bakker A. B., & Derks D . ( 2017 b). The longitudinal impact of a job crafting intervention. European Journal of Work & Organizational Psychology, 26( 1), 107-119.
42 Vogt K., Hakanen J. J., Brauchli R., Jenny G. J., & Bauer G. F . ( 2016). The consequences of job crafting: A three-wave study. European Journal of Work & Organizational Psychology, 25( 3), 353-362.
43 Weseler, D., & Niessen, C . ( 2016). How job crafting relates to task performance. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31( 3), 672-685.
44 Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E . ( 2001). Crafting a job: Revisioning employees as active crafters of their work. Academy of Management Review, 26( 2), 179-201.
45 Wrzesniewski A., LoBuglio N., Dutton J. E., & Berg J. M . ( 2013). Job crafting and cultivating positive meaning and identity in work. In A. B. Bakker (Ed.), Advances in positive organizational psychology( pp. 281-302). West Yorkshire, UK: Emerald Group.
[1] 段文杰, 冯宇. 体重污名:对肥胖的歧视与偏见[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(6): 1074-1082.
[2] 盛小添,刘耔含,张西超,郭恒,笪姝,周诗怡. 睡眠与工作:相互作用机制[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(10): 1844-1856.
[3] 段文杰,卜禾. 积极心理干预是“新瓶装旧酒”吗?[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(10): 1831-1843.
[4] 田喜洲, 刘美玲.  基于个体优势的工作重塑[J]. 心理科学进展, 2017, 25(9): 1579-1596.
[5] 潘东旎, 李雪冰.  工作记忆训练在精神疾病中的应用[J]. 心理科学进展, 2017, 25(9): 1527-1543.
[6] 陈 晓, 周 晖, 王雨吟.  正念父母心:正念教养理论、机制及干预[J]. 心理科学进展, 2017, 25(6): 989-1002.
[7] 王彤;杨庆;黄希庭. 未来情景思考对目标达成的双刃作用及其机制[J]. 心理科学进展, 2017, 25(5): 846-856.
[8] 严瑜;李佳丽. 超越不文明:从消极无礼的恶化升级到积极的文明干预[J]. 心理科学进展, 2017, 25(2): 319-330.
[9] 陈明瑞;周萍. 成瘾物质使用的生态瞬时评估与干预[J]. 心理科学进展, 2017, 25(2): 247-252.
[10] 生媛媛, 刘惠军, 何欣嘏. 正念干预在癌症康复中的临床应用[J]. 心理科学进展, 2017, 25(12): 2124-2135.
[11] 杨 玲, 马雪, 曹华, 苏波波, 徐景, 蔡雨彤.  冰毒使用者抑制控制的损伤、可逆性及干预策略[J]. 心理科学进展, 2017, 25(10): 1769-1779.
[12] 李涛;徐振兴; 冯菲. 亲密伴侣暴力中儿童的社会适应及干预[J]. 心理科学进展, 2016, 24(9): 1448-1456.
[13] 常欣;刘雨; 王沛; 张佳玮. 音乐干预对自闭症儿童语言障碍的影响[J]. 心理科学进展, 2016, 24(9): 1391-1397.
[14] 齐亚菲;莫书亮. 父母对儿童青少年媒介使用的积极干预[J]. 心理科学进展, 2016, 24(8): 1290-1299.
[15] 蒋奖;曾陶然;杨淇越;于方静. 青少年物质主义的成因、测量与干预[J]. 心理科学进展, 2016, 24(8): 1266-1278.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理科学进展》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn