ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (6): 1012-1024.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01012

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


 杨 庆1;  毕重增1;  李 林2;  黄希庭1   

  1.  (1西南大学心理学部, 重庆 400715) (2中国地质大学应用心理学研究所, 武汉 430074)
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-25 出版日期:2017-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 黄希庭, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • 基金资助:
     西南大学心理学部2012研究团队建设项目(TR201201- 1), 重庆市人文社会科学重点研究基地项目(14SKB008)。

 Self-uncertainty: Concepts, structures, and theories

 YANG Qing1; BI Chongzeng1; LI Lin2; HUANG Xiting1   

  1.  (1 School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China) (2 Institute of Applied Psychology, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China)
  • Received:2016-08-25 Online:2017-06-15
  • Contact: HUANG Xiting, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要:  自我不确定感是个体在遇到认知、情感以及行为间的不一致或冲突, 对重要的心理品质产生困惑和怀疑时体验到的一致性和连续性缺乏的状态。文章对自我不确定感的概念进行了梳理, 然后提出了概念构想模型, 认为其结构应包含认知、情绪和动机成分, 再后则以自我不确定感的管理策略为线索对相关理论和模型进行了初步整合。未来研究需在明确界定自我不确定感的基础上开展跨文化比较, 从多角度检验自我不确定感管理策略的效果, 深入探讨自我不确定感的发生和作用机制, 探索如何变自我不确定感的被动防御为主动预防与管理。

关键词:  自我不确定感, 自我, 意义感, 自我实现, 文化世界观防御

Abstract:  Self-uncertainty, which is induced by confusion/suspicion of important regarding one’s psychological characteristics, is defined as a feeling of inconsistency and discontinuity, when contradictions or conflicts arise among one’s cognitions, experiences, and behaviors. This article summarizes the literature on self-uncertainty and proposes a conceptual model, suggesting that its structure is composed of three dimensions: cognitive, affective and motivational. This article then introduces and integrates related theories and models in terms of uncertainty management. Future research should a) clearly define the concept of self-uncertainty and focus on the cultural difference factor; b) test different uncertainty management strategies with multiple perspectives; c) explore the mechanisms of self-uncertainty inducement and management; and d) explore how best to instruct people to take precautions against self-uncertainty and its management, instead of passively accepting the experience.

Key words:  self-uncertainty, self, meaning-making, self-actualization, cultural worldview defense