ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (8): 1324-1330.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01324

• 研究简报 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1中国科学院心理健康重点实验室, 中国科学院心理研究所, 北京 100101) (2中国科学院大学, 北京 100049)
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-23 出版日期:2015-08-15 发布日期:2015-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 张雨青, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金面上项目“自然灾害幸存者的创伤后成长心理机制及其干预的研究” (71073156); 中国心理学会提高学习能力特殊基金和世界宣明会的资助。

Application of The Chinese PTSD Inventory (CPI) to College Students

LV Yaodi1,2; WU Kaijun1,2; ZHANG Yuqing1   

  1. (1 Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China) (2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • Received:2015-01-23 Online:2015-08-15 Published:2015-08-15
  • Contact: ZHANG Yuqing, E-mail:


采用以中国文化为背景编制的“中国自然灾难幸存者创伤后应激反应量表(CPI)”, 对芦山地震灾区某大学1057名学生进行测试, 考察CPI在地震后大学生人群的应用, 并探讨PTSD的影响因素。结果发现, 性别、主观害怕体验和D型人格等因素能够预测PTSD症状的发生。CPI在地震受灾的大学生群体中具有良好的信效度, 可用于PTSD症状严重程度的评估。

关键词: 创伤后应激障碍, 信度, 效度, 大学生, 中国自然灾难幸存者创伤后应激反应量表


Until now, the most commonly used instruments assessing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in China were based on Western populations and culture which is very different from that of Eastern populations like Chinese. This study used an indigenous Chinese PTSD self-rating scale—the Chinese PTSD Inventory (CPI), to conduct a survey among the 1057 college students from Lushan earthquake area as samples. A hierarchical regression analysis indicated that factors such as gender, severity of subjective fear and type D personality further influence the occurrence of PTSD. It demonstrated high internal consistency. The result of confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good fit for the five-factor model, and it could be applied in assessing the severity of PTSD symptoms in China.

Key words: post-traumatic stress disorder, reliability, validity, college students, The Chinese PTSD Inventory for Natural Disaster Victims (CPI)