ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (11): 1860-1868.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2012.01860

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (华中师范大学心理学院暨青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室; 湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室; 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-18 出版日期:2012-11-15 发布日期:2012-11-01
  • 通讯作者: 郭永玉
  • 基金资助:


Perceived Control in the Social Context

GUO Xu-Cheng;GUO Yong-Yu   

  1. (School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education of PRC; Hubei Province Key Laboratory for Human Development and Mental Health, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2011-09-18 Online:2012-11-15 Published:2012-11-01
  • Contact: GUO Yong-Yu

摘要: 控制感是心理学研究中的重要概念。近年来, 研究者发现传统的控制感理论过分强调个体行为对环境的影响而忽略了环境中的限制因素(社会背景、历史文化、现实因素)对控制感的作用。次要控制理论、可协商命运观和控制感补偿理论分别从不同角度对社会情境中的个体控制感进行研究。次要控制理论主要强调在低控制情境下个体通过自身调节接受客观环境以获得次要控制; 可协商命运观则认为亚洲文化下的个体在承认不可改变的环境作用的前提下依然坚持自己有限的能动性以此获得控制感; 而控制感补偿理论则认为当个体处于低控制环境之中以致个体控制感受到威胁时, 个体会通过一系列方式针对控制感缺失进行补偿。本文在对三种理论分析的基础之上提出了对中国控制感本土化研究方向的思考。

关键词: 控制感, 社会情境, 次要控制, 可协商命运观, 控制感补偿

Abstract: Perceived control has long been concerned as a very important concept in the psychology domain. Recently, some researchers found the traditional theory of perceived control overemphasized the individual ability having effect on the environment, but neglected the objective social context (eg, social political condition, historical and cultural effect and life reality) which may exert impact on the personal perceived control. Primary-Secondary control theory, Negotiable fate, and Compensatory control model have elaborated how perceived control varied in the different social context respectively. Primary-Secondary control theory claimed that the person in the low-control situation should adjust oneself to accept the environment unchangeable and acquire a kind of secondary control. Negotiable fate believed the person in the East-Asia culture context would admit the restrain factors in their life but still persist the personal bounded agency in order to master their life. Compensatory control model held the perspective that when people face the low-personal control circumstances, they would try to gain perceived control through a series of compensatory ways. Some directions proposed based on these theories in order to highlight the ideas of further researches of Chinese perceived control.

Key words: perceived control, social context, primary-secondary control theory, negotiable fate, compensatory control model