STUDIES ON THE METHODS OF MEMORIZATION USED BY JUNIOR MIDDLE SCHOOL PUPILS Ⅱ.METHODS FOR MEMORIZING SHORT CLASSICAL PROSE
1964, 8 (04):
A short classical prose, which consisted of 40 sentences, 180 words altogether, was memorized by 63 junior middle school girls. The various methods of memorization used by the pupils are: 1) Memorizing sentence by sentence; 2) Memorizing sentence by sentence progressively, i. e. first memorizing the 1st sentence, then 1st-2nd, 1st-2nd-3rd, etc; 3) Memorizing by parts of roughly equal number of sentences, 4) Memorizing by parts divided according to the content; 5) Memorizing with the aid of an outline; 6) Memorizing by first analyzing the content and the structure of the prose. The last method was the most effective and the first was the least. The fifth one was second to the most efficient, and the other three were about the same.It seems that the subjects who used the first three methods mastered the material part by part cumulatively and those using the other three methods first made a framework and then laid on the details step by step. It was suggested that chunking, association with former experiences and outlines-making were involved, as sub-processes, in memorizing classical proses.
Related Articles |