ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

›› 2000, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (03): 276-281.

### THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS AND SOME COGNITIVE PERFORMANCES IN ADULTS

Xu Shulian; Wu Zhiping ;Wu Zhenyun; Sun Changhua(Institule of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101)

• Published:2000-09-25 Online:2000-09-25

Abstract: 120 adult subjectS 20-85yrs of age (forming 4 groups) were used for studying the relationship between NEO-FFI and cognitive performances (memory, problem solving and reaction time of visual search), the difficulty degree of the performances were low or moderate. The results showed: (1) E score was negatively related to (or negative predictors of ) name recall and picture recognition, O score was positively relatod to (or positive predictors of ) name recall and the percentage of using strategy for guessing the pictures. (2) By controlling the age factor, partial correlation of NEO-FFI with cognitive performances indicated: N score and using strategy for guessing the pictures, E score and picture recognition, name recall, C score and digit, alphabet or Han character search reaction time, all correlated negatively. (3) With the cognitive indices and the personal variables as independent variables,the stepwise regression showed, number of putting scheme on problem solving had forecast relation to E score negatively, however, the variables relating psychological status, such as mood, status of matriage,satisfaction of family and so on were more intermlated with personality traits. (4) The results within the four age groups were different. The relationships between cognitive performances and NEO-FFI in the young adult group and old-old adult group were closer than that of the other two age groups. It might be related to the difference in aging processes of neural system function in different age groups.